El cuidado del agua y el saneamiento, logros conseguidos por la Agenda 2030
Water is positioned as the main element of the resource revolution that is going / sweeping through the world production system.
By Antonio D'Eramo
The United Nations (UN) approved, in 2015, the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, an ambitious program that will try not to not leave behind any citizen of the world and that will transform the economy, society and the environment of the 193 member countries.
The sixth principle, of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) of the 2030 Agenda that serve as a roadmap to embark on a new path for humanity without leaving behind any citizen of the world in its development and in the amicable connection with the environment, has become the main focus of this initiative signed by a large number of national states that have had to adapt their legislation to the new challenges of the 21st century.
The command of the 2030 Agenda is subtitled, "Guarantee the availability of water and its sustainable management and sanitation for all" and the description indicates "the lack of drinking water or poor quality water have consequences for food security and in the means of subsistence of many people in the world. To ensure that everyone has access to drinking water and sanitation, it’s essential that the world's water resources be managed sustainably.”
Therefore, observing this section of the Agenda has a direct consequence on the reduction of poverty and the impoverishment of populations, development goals 1 and 2, impacts the possibility of guaranteeing a healthy life, chapter 3 of the 2030 Agenda, and ensures that cities and human settlements are safe, resilient and sustainable, according to the desire of the item number 11.
It also becomes an indispensable tool in the fight against climate change, section number 13, and last but not least, the sixth principle is at the base of building less unequal societies, mission number 10 of the Agenda, and promoting sustainable economic growth among countries, the 8th development goal.
It’s no coincidence that the main companies in the world have also adopted this memorandum approved by the UN and focus and invest in the fight against poverty and in the availability of water and sanitation.
They do it because it’s an urgent call to rationality that the statistics leave no room for doubt.
This contribution from the private and public sectors together has made it possible to record a high speed improvement in the living conditions of different societies that without the awareness carried out by the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) would not have been possible to achieve in such a short time.
Water plays one of the main roles for the future of humanity. By 2050, if no more viral variants of the coronavirus pandemic arise or new threats from pathogens appear, it is expected that the world population will exceed 9 billion people, who will be concentrated in big cities. The most conservative calculations indicate that an extra 40% of water resources will be needed to meet the needs of the entire population. This also entails a growth of around 40% in food production and 35% in the generation of clean energy as it’s necessary to make imperative adjustments to reverse the climate change recorded by different government agencies that announce a bigger water stress than the one already occurring in many regions of the world.
And the reaction of the public and also private sector translates into investments that make it possible to reduce the losses of the gross domestic product (GDP) of the nations that are generated by not doing any type of hydric sanitation.